Anti-IFNAR2 Antibody (Rabbit Monoclonal antibody) General Information
Reacts with: Human
Recombinant Human IFNAR2 protein (Catalog#10359-H08H)
This antibody was obtained from a rabbit immunized with purified, recombinant Human IFNAR2 (rh IFNAR2; Catalog#10359-H08H; NP_997468.1; Met1-Lys243).
Monoclonal Rabbit IgG Clone #117
0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS
This antibody is shipped as liquid solution at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
This antibody can be stored at 2℃-8℃ for one month without detectable loss of activity. Antibody products are stable for twelve months from date of receipt when stored at -20℃ to -80℃. Preservative-Free. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Interferon-alpha/beta receptor beta chain (IFNAR2) is a type I membrane protein that forms one of the two chains of a receptor for interferons alpha and beta. Binding and activation of the receptor stimulates Janus protein kinases, which in turn phosphorylate several proteins, including STAT1 and STAT2. Initial cell-surface IFNAR2 expression at diagnosis assessed by flow cytometry widely distributed but showed overall significantly higher expression in CML patients when compared with normal controls. In 15 fresh patients who subsequently received IFNα therapy, IFNAR2 expression at diagnosis was significantly higher in cytogenetic good responders than in poor responders. Down-regulation of IFNAR2 expression during IFNα therapy was observed only in good responders but not in poor responders. The encoded protein also functions as an antiviral factor. IFNAR2 may associate with IFNAR1 to form the type I interferon receptor. This protein serves as a receptor for interferons alpha and beta. IFNAR2 is also involved in IFN-mediated STAT1, STAT2 and STAT3 activation. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are directly involved in signal transduction due to their association with the TYR kinase, JAK1. Isoform 3 is a potent inhibitor of type I IFN receptor activity. Following binding of IFNα2, IFNAR2 is internalized, but, instead of being routed towards degradation as it is when complexed to IFNβ, it recycles back to the cell surface.
Ito K, et al. (2004) Initial expression of interferon alpha receptor 2 (IFNAR2) on CD34-positive cells and its down-regulation correlate with clinical response to interferon therapy in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Eur J Haematol. 73(3): 191-205.
Kim SH, et al. (1997) Mammalian type I interferon receptors consists of two subunits: IFNaR1 and IFNaR2. Gene. 196(1-2): 279-86.
Saleh AZ, et al. (2004) Regulated proteolysis of the IFNaR2 subunit of the interferon-alpha receptor. Oncogene. 23(42): 7076-86.
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